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Romans Message 3, Romans 3:21-4:25

Romans: The Gospel of God

Message 3: The Undeniable Argument for the Gospel (3:21-4:25)

Dr. David Shumate


Problem: The universal human tendency is to think that we must in some way earn our own salvation.

Theological Truth: God demonstrates that the only way of salvation that He approves is justification by faith without works.

Theme verse: Romans 3:21, “But now he righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets.”

Our Response: We must be fully convinced that justification by faith is the only way to glorify God and to obtain His righteousness.

In this text we see that God reveals how unrighteous people can be right with Him and proves it from the Old Testament Scriptures.

I.    The Gospel reveals how a just God can justify the unrighteous (3:22-31)
A.    Justification by faith in Jesus Christ reveals the expansive mercy of God (3:22-24)
B.    Justification by faith in Jesus Christ vindicates the absolute justice of God (3:25-26)
C.    Justification by faith in Jesus Christ guarantees the exclusive glory of God (3:27-30)

II.    Justification by faith fulfills God’s Old Testament Plan as illustrated by the life of Abraham. (3:31-4:25)
Theme verse: Romans 3:31 “Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.”
Objection: Justification by faith is an attack on the Pentateuch and the entire system founded upon it.
Response: On the contrary we demonstrate that the fundamental principle of the Old Testament was not law keeping but promise. Justification by faith establishes the promise.

A.    Abraham and all of his spiritual descendants are justified by faith instead of by works (4:1-8)
B.    Justification by faith guarantees that the God’s promise was intended to provide salvation to both Jew and Gentile (4:9-16)
C.    The faith of Abraham demonstrates they type of faith that justifies those that believe in Jesus Christ (4:18-25)

Conclusion: God has clearly given people a choice, trust what they can do or trust what God has already done. The former tries to rob God of His glory, whereas the latter gives God His proper glory by trusting Him to fulfill His promise.

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