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Romans Plan for Exposition

Plan for the Exposition of Romans

Dr. David Shumate

1.    The Gospel and the purpose of Paul: Paul’s calling and desire to minister the Gospel to the Roman Christians (1:1-16)
2.    The Gospel reveals God’s righteous judgment against sin (1:16-3:20)
3.    The Gospel reveals God’s righteous justification of sinners (3:20-4:25)
4.    The Gospel reconciles us to God (5:1-21)
5.    The Gospel frees us from the dominion of sin (6:1-23)
6.    The Gospel frees us from the dominion of the Law (7:1-25)
7.    The Gospel frees us from the condemnation of sin and death (8:1-39)
8.    The Gospel triumphs even when people reject it: Introduction to chapters 9-11 (9:1-5)
9.    The Gospel reflects divine sovereignty (9:6-31)
10.    The Gospel reflects human responsibility (9:30-10:21)
11.    The Gospel results in the fulfillment of God’s wise, benevolent purpose (11:1-36)
12.    The Gospel leads us to God-honoring service and testimony (12:1-13:14)
13.    The Gospel leads to a God-honoring harmony between believers of vastly different backgrounds and perspectives (14:1-15:13)
14.    The Gospel and the partnership in the ministry: Conclusion and commendations (15:14-16:27)

Analytical Outline of Romans

Thesis: “The Gospel is the Power of God Unto Salvation to Everyone that Believeth to the Jew First and Also to the Greek” (1:16)

I.    Introduction: Paul’s ministry of the Gospel to the believers (1:1-16)
A.    Paul’s greeting to the Romans (1:1-7)
B.    Paul’s purpose to minister to the Romans (1:8-15)
Theme of the Book (1:16): For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
II.    The Gospel reveals the only way to be right with a righteous God (1:17-4:25)
Theme of this section (1:17): For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.
A.    The Gospel reveals God’s righteous judgment against sin (1:18-3:20)
B.    The Gospel reveals God’s righteous justification of sinners (3:21-4:25)
III.    The Gospel secures to us all the blessings of peace with God through Jesus Christ (5:1-8:39)
Theme of this section (5:1): Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.
A.    Summary: The Gospel reconciles us to God through Jesus Christ (5:2-11)
B.    Peace with God includes freedom from the curse of Original Sin (5:12-21)
C.    Peace with God includes freedom from the dominion of sin and law (6:1-7:25)
D.    Peace with God includes freedom from the condemnation of sin and death (8:1-39)
IV.    The Gospel cannot fail to fulfill God’s divine plan (9:1-11:36)
Theme of this section (9:30-31): What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith. But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness.
[Note that the theme statement is postponed due to the delicacy of the subject.]
A.    Introduction: From the human perspective, the rejection of the Gospel by Israel is a profound tragedy (9:1-5)
B.    The rejection of the Gospel by Israel is no challenge to God’s sovereignty (9:6-31)
C.    The rejection of the Gospel by Israel is their own fault (9:32-10:21)
D.    The rejection of the Gospel by Israel is used by God to accomplish His good will (11:1-32)
E.    Conclusion: From the heavenly perspective, the rejection of the Gospel by Israel displays God’s incomprehensible wisdom (11:33-36)
V.    The Gospel creates a Christian community that glorifies God (12:1-15:13)
Theme of this section (12:1-2): I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. 2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.
A.    It glorifies God through humble service (12:3-21)
B.    It glorifies God through its testimony in the world (13:1-14)
C.    It glorifies God through harmony between Jewish and Gentile believers (14:1-15:13)
VI.    Conclusion: Paul’s partnership with the believers in the Gospel (15:14-16:27)
Theme of this section (15:14-16): And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brethren, that ye also are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish one another. Nevertheless, brethren, I have written the more boldly unto you in some sort, as putting you in mind, because of the grace that is given to me of God, That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.
A.    Paul’s ministry summary and plan (15:17-33)
B.    Paul’s greetings to and from his fellow workers (16:1-24)
C.    Paul’s concluding benediction (16:25-27)

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